Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer


Vol. 9 No. 1 (2018): ESS - Technologies and inclusion

Communicative Aids with low/high technology for the educational intervention in Autism Spectrum Disorders

March 9, 2018


In Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are presents communicative deficits, with impairment of understanding and production of verbal language. In this paper is presented a review of the communicative aids based on systems of Augmentative Alternative Communication, which present opportunities for the development of the communication skills of students with ASD.


  1. Anagnostou E., Zwaigenbaum L., Szatmari, P., Fombonne, E., Fernandez, B.A., Woodbury-Smith, M., Brian J., Bryson, S., Smith, I. M., Drmic, I., Buchanan, J. A., Roberts, W. & Scherer S.W. (2014). Autism Spectrum Disorder: advances in evidence-based practice. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 186 (7), 509-19.
  2. APA - American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – DSM 5. Washington: APA. Trad. it. (2014). Manuale Diagnostico e Statistico dei Disturbi Mentali- DSM 5. Milano: Cortina.
  3. Beukelman, D. R. & Mirenda, P. (2013). Augmentative and Alternative Communication. Supporting Children and Adults with Complex Communication Needs, Fourth Edition. Baltimore: Brookes. Tr. it. Manuale di Comunicazione Alternativa. Trento: Erickson.
  4. Barneveld, P., Swaab, H., Fagel, S., van Engeland, H. & de Sonneville, L. M. (2013).
  5. Quality of life: a case-controlled long-term follow-up study, comparing young high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorders with adults with other psychiatric disorders diagnosed in childhood. Compr. Psychiatry, 55, 302-10.
  6. Bondy, A. (2012). The unusual suspects: myths and misconception associated with PECS. The Psychological Record, 62, 789–816.
  7. Bondy, A. & Frost, L. (2002). A picture’s worth. PECS and other communication strategies in Autism. Bethesda: Woodbine House.
  8. BPS- British Psychological Society. (2012). Autism. Recognition, Referral, Diagnosis and Management of Adults on the Autism Spectrum. National Clinical Guideline Number 142. London: Hunt.
  9. CDCP- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years. Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. MMWR Surveillance Summary, 63, 1 – 21.
  10. Cottini, L. (2011). L’autismo a scuola. Quattro parole per l’integrazione. Roma: Carocci.
  11. Cottini, L. & Morganti, A. (2015). Evidence Based Education e Pedagogia Speciale. Roma: Carocci.
  12. Davidovitch, M., Hemo, B., Manning-Courtney, P. & Fombonne, E. (2013). Prevalence and incidence of autism spectrum disorder in an Israeli population. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 785 – 793.
  13. Ganz, J. B. (2014). Aided Augmentative and Alternative Communication for people with ASD. In: J. Matson (eds.) Autism and Child Psychopathology Series. New York: Springer, 127-138.
  14. Ganz, J. B. (2015). AAC Interventions for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: State of the Science and Future Research Directions. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 31(3): 203–214.
  15. Hourcade, J., Pilotte, T., West, E. & Parette, P. (2004). A history of Augmentative and Alternative Communication for individuals with severe and profound disabilities. Focus on Autism and other Developmental Disabilities, 19, 4, 235-44.
  16. ISS- Istituto Superiore della Sanità. Sistema Nazionale per le Linee Guida. (2011). Il trattamento dei Disturbi dello Spettro Autistico nei bambini e negli adolescenti. Koegel, L. (2000). Interventions to facilitate communication in Autism. Journal of Autism and developmental Disorders, 30, 383-91.
  17. Lancioni G., O’Reilly M., Cuvo A., Singh N., Sigafoos J. & Didden, R. (2007). PECS and VOCAs to enable students with developmental disabilities to make requests: An overview of the literature. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 468-488.
  18. Light, J. & McNaughton, D. (2013). Putting people first: Re-thinking the role of technology in augmentative and alternative communication intervention. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 29,299 – 309.
  19. Light, J. & McNaughton, D. (2014). From basic to applied research to improve outcomes for individuals who require augmentative and alternative communication: Potential contributions of eye tracking research methods. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 30, 99 – 105.
  20. Lubetsky, M. J. Handen, B. L. & McGonigle, J. J. (2011). Autism Spectrum Disorder. New York: Oxford University Press.
  21. Magiati I., Tay, X. W. & Howlin, P. (2014). Cognitive, language, social and behavioral outcomes in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders: a systematic review of longitudinal follow-up studies in adulthood. Clinical Psychol. Review, 34, 73-86.
  22. Matson, J. (2014). Autism and Child Psychopathology Series. New York: Springer.
  23. Mesibov G., (2007). TEACCH-Transition Assessment Profile. Pro-Ed, Austin.
  24. Mirenda, P., & Iacono, T. (2009). Autism Spectrum Disorders and AAC. Baltimore: Brookes.
  25. Odom, S., Collet-Klingenberg, L., Rogers S. J. & Hatton, D. (2010). Evidence-Based Practices in Interventions for Children and Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Preventing School Failure, 54 (4), 275–282.
  26. Nygren, G., Cederlund, M., Sandberg, E., Gillstedt, F., Arvidsson, T., Gillberg, C. & Gillberg, C. (2012). The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in toddlers: A population study of 2-year-old Swedish children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, 1491 – 1497.
  27. Prizant, B. Wetherby, A. Rubin, E., & Rydell, P. J. (2006). The SCERTS Model: A comprehensive educational approach for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Baltimore: Brookes.
  28. Rogers, S. & Dawson, G. (2010). Early Start Denver Model. Linguaggio, apprendimento e reciprocità sociale. Torino: Omega.
  29. Steiner, A. M., Gengoux, G., Klin, A., & Chawarska, K. (2013). Pivotal response treatment for infants at-risk for autism spectrum disorders: A pilot study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 91-102.
  30. Tyson, K., Kelley E., Fein D., Orinstein A., Troyb E., Barton M., Eigsti I. M., Naigles L, Schultz R. T., Stevens M., Helt, M. & Rosenthal, M. (2014). Language and verbal memory in individuals with a history of autism spectrum disorders who have achieved optimal outcomes. Journal of Autism Dev. Disord., 44, (3), 648-63.
  31. Schlosser, R. & Sigafoos, J. (2006). Augmentative and alternative communication interventions for persons with developmental disabilities: Narrative review of comparative single-subject experimental studies. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 27, 1-29.
  32. Schlosser, R. W., Sigafoos, J., Luiselli, J. K., Angermeier, K., Harasymowyz, U. & Schooley, K. (2007). Effects of synthetic speech output on requesting and natural speech production in children with autism: A preliminary study. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1, 139–163
  33. Schlosser, R. & Wendt, O. (2008). Effects of augmentative and alternative communication intervention on speech production in children with autism: A systematic review. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 17, 212-230.
  34. Schreibman, L. (2005). The science and fiction of Autism. Harvard, Cambridge: University Press.
  35. SIGN- Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. (2007). Autism spectrum disorders A booklet for parents and careers. Edinburgh: SIGN.
  36. SIPeS- Società Italiana di Pedagogia Speciale. (2008). Integrazione scolastica degli alunni con disturbi dello spettro autistico. Documento di indirizzo. Trento: Erickson.
  37. Stasolla, F., Picucci, L., Caffò, A., Signorile C., Lo Storto, L., Mazzarelli, A., Signorile, M., Lancioni, G. & Bosco, A. (2012). Supporti tecnologici per l’inclusione e la comunicazione in bambini con disabilità multiple. TD Tecnologie Didattiche, 20 (3), 178-184.
  38. Tyson, K., Kelley E., Fein D., Orinstein A., Troyb E., Barton M., Eigsti I. M., Naigles L, Schultz R. T., Stevens M., Helt, M. & Rosenthal, M. (2014). Language and verbal memory in individuals with a history of autism spectrum disorders who have achieved optimal outcomes. Journal of Autism Dev. Disord., 44, (3), 648-63.
  39. WHO- World Health Organization (2001). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Geneva: WHO. Tr. it. (2002). Classificazione Internazionale del Funzionamento, della Disabilità e della Salute. Trento: Erickson.


Metrics Loading ...