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N. 3 (2021)

Come organizzare le comunità energetiche? Un’ ipotesi di prospettiva metodologica osservando due casi studio italiani

  • Luca Tricarico
  • Andrea Billi
16 September 2021


La diffusione di iniziative comunitarie nell’ambito della produzione energetica sollevano molti interrogativi che richiedono nuove interpretazioni per l’analisi di tali processi. Tra queste, le Imprese di Comunità Energetiche rappresentano tipologie di organizzazioni specifiche, basate su piena proprietà collettiva e su schemi di investimento e collaborazione tra stakeholder locali in contesti territoriali definiti. Attraverso l’indagine di due casi di studio italiani, il presente articolo esamina l’operato di project manager, comunità ed altri stakeholder locali nelle diverse fasi del processo di coinvolgimento nello sviluppo delle iniziative. L’obiettivo principale è identificare una prospettiva metodologica con cui è possibile analizzare i processi di sviluppo locale realizzati da queste iniziative in una logica multi-stakeholder, confrontate con una survey sul “valore locale aggiunto” percepito dalla comunità di investitori nel progetto. Lo studio conclude con l’identificazione di alcune condizioni necessarie per realizzare il coinvolgimento della comunità locali in queste iniziative, delineando possibili competenze e strategie sperimentabili
all’interno del settore emergente delle Comunità Energetiche.

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