The 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child is relatively recent. In 2007, the Lanzarote Convention was signed (ratified by Italy by Law n. 172/2012) as the first international legal instrument for to contribute to the goal of protecting children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, whoever the perpetrator may be, and of providing assistance to victims. However, results seem still absent. Even in laughter the heart may be in pain, the grief remains in the hearts of children, and violence continues to spread in the silence and indifference of the adults. The author thus gives an important part of the text to display the collected statistical data and affirms the need to establish a system of continuous monitoring. He affirms the need to see and hear: essential to perceive, understand, discover and denounce the violence and break the silence, but also to protect abused children, even in the steps of the legal process. To achieve this it is necessary for doctors, social workers, judges, teachers and parents to work together as a team to defend the right to childhood and to respect the body-person. This is the challenge ethics and politics, now, ten years from Lanzarote.