This article aims to take stock of the research aimed to evaluate the inclusive processes, referring to investigations carried out both in Italy and in international contexts on issues that may have important repercussions on the current organization of the Italian school. Through four key questions (How are we working? Which results have been obtained? What gives the best results? Are more inclusive schools also more efficient?) the authors develop a reflection useful to provide application support for both those who work every day in the school and those who are called to make decisions on organizational policies, as fundamental to promote inclusive and oriented to the maximum educational success of all students schools.
evidence-based education; special education; inclusion; special educational needs; efficacy research