Salta al menu principale di navigazione Salta al contenuto principale Salta al piè di pagina del sito

Saggi, Studi e Ricerche

N. 55 (2020)

Prison health is a public health: Management of Sars-CoV-2 outbreak in an Italian prison

2 July 2021


The Covid-19 emergency in prisons is a public health warming due to overcrowding, poor structural conditions,
and life promiscuities.
Worldwide a lot of prisoners were Sars-CoV-2 positive and in Italy several outbreaks occurred in many prisons.
This paper examines, using a clinical audit, a Covid-19 outbreak occurred in an Italian prison during the spring
The study showed that the best measures to mitigate the outbreak negative consequences both in prisoners and
in the staff are the preventive actions, the hygiene and disinfection of the common detention areas; the reduction
of overcrowding; the stop of the working activities during the quarantine period.
Only an improvement of living conditions inside the prisons may reduce the risk of infection among inmates.

Riferimenti bibliografici

  1. ABS Consulting, Vanden Heuvel L.N., Lorenzo D.K., Hanson W.E. (2008). Root Cause Analysis Handbook: a guide to efficient and effective incident management, 3rd Edition Paperback-Illustrated, August 1, 2008.
  2. Akiyama M.J., Spaulding A.C., Rich J.D. (2020). Flattening the curve for incarcerated populations – Covid-19 in jails and prisons. The New England Journal of Medicine. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2005687.
  3. Antigone (2021). Carcere e Covid-19.
  4. Brucale M. (2020). Coronavirus. Rivolte in carcere: dalla violenza, la violenza, in Giurisprudenza Penale Web, 3.
  5. Circolari del DAP per l’emergenza del Covid-19 (2021).
  6. Coker R. (2001). Detention and mandatory treatment for tubercolosis patient in Russia. Lancet, 358: 349-350.
  7. Conferenza delle Regioni (2020). Linee di indirizzo Gestione del Covid-19 all’interno degli Istituti penitenziari italiani (20/152/CR10C/C).
  8. Coronaviridae Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2019). The species severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it Sars:CoV-2. Nat. Microbiol. 5: 536-544.
  9. Hawks L.. Woolhandler S., McCormick D. (2020). Covid-19 in prisons and jails in the United States. JAMA Internal Medicine. DOI:
  10. 1001/jamainternmed.2020.1856.
  11. Howard J. (1973). Prisons and Lazarettos. The state of the prisons in England and Wales. First published 1777. Patterson Smith.
  12. Institute for crime and justice policy research. World prison brief online database.
  13. Kinner S.A., Young J.T., Snow et al. (2020). Prisons and custodial settings are part of a comprehensive response to Covid-19. Lancet Public Health, 5: e188-189.
  14. Kinner S.A., Young J.T., Snow K., Southalan L., Lopez-Acuña D., Ferreira-Borges C., O’Moore È. (2020). Prisons and custodial settings are part of a comprehensive response to Covid-19. Lancet Public Health. 5(4): e188-e189. Epub 2020. DOI: 10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30058-X.
  15. Lorusso A., Calistri P., Savini G., Morelli D., Ambrosij L., Migliorati G., d’Alterio N. (2021). Novel SARS-CoV-2 varinats in Italy: the role of veterinary public health institute. Virus, 13(4): 549. DOI: 10.3390/v13040549.
  16. Mercer A.J., Jacobs B., Moon S., Kynch J. (2003). Prisons and the tuberculosis patients in Russia. J. Int. Dev., 15: 559-741.
  17. Nowotny K., Bailey Z., Omori M., Brinkley-Rubinstein L. (2020). COVID-19 Exposes Need for Progressive Criminal Justice Reform. American Journal of Public Health, 110(7), (July 1, 2020): pp. 967-968. Doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2020.305707.
  18. Regione del Veneto, Sanità penitenziaria (2021).
  19. Servick K. (2020). Pandemic inspires push to shrink jails, prisons. Science, 369(6510): 1412-1413. DOI: 10.1126/science.369.6510.1412.
  20. Sesana I. (2021). Covid. In carcere ci si contagia di più. Agenti e detenuti a forte rischio. L’Avvenire, 10 aprile. pagine/contagi-covid-in-carcere.
  21. Simpson P.L., Butler T.G. (2020). Covid-19, prison crowding, and release policies. BMJ, 369: m1551.
  22. Simpson P.L., Simpson M., Adily A., Grant L., Butler T. (2019). Prison cell spatial density and infection and communicable diseases: a systematic review. BMJ Open, 9: e026806.
  23. Soliman A (2018) Principles of Methodological Design of Clinical Audit. Arch Med, 10(2): 2. DOI: 10.21767/1989-5216.1000262.
  24. Stanley L.L. Public Health Reports (1896-1970). Influenza at San Quentin Prison. California, Vol. 43: Published 1919.
  25. Stern V. (1999). Sentenced to die? The problem of TB in prisons in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. International Centre for Prison Studies.
  26. World Health Organization. Preparedness, prevention and control of Covid-19 in prisons and places of detention. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe.
  27. Zhu N., Zhang D., Wang W., Li X., Yang B., song J., Zhao X., Huang B., Shi W., Lu R. et al. (2019). A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China. N. Engl. J. Med., 382: 727-733.


Caricamento metriche ...