Department of Home Economics and Hospitality Management.
Senior Lecturer. Her research interest is in the areas of nutrition, food preparation, gender studies, poverty eradication, clothing and textile, childhood education, grooming, skill acquisition among others.
Despite fruits and vegetables’ importance and nutrient composition, their consumption is still below the world’s recommended threshold in Nigeria, even among pregnant women. Therefore, this study examined pregnant women’s critical socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption. Multistage sampling techniques and a semi-structured questionnaire were employed to collect data from 100 pregnant women from the study area. The descriptive statistics show that the majority (91%) of the respondents belong to the age bracket of 20 to 36 years. Also, most (56%) of the respondents were in their third trimester, while 30% and 14% were in the second and first-trimester, respectively. The study employed descriptive and inferential statistics to analyse the data. The results indicate that Education, Trading, first-trimester, income, and nutrition advice positively influenced expenditure on fruits and vegetables. On the other hand, age, second-trimester, third-trimester, attending ante-natal, and distance from home to market have an inverse relationship with expenditure on fruits and vegetables. Likewise, education, nutrition advice, trading, first-trimester positively influence the frequency of fruits and vegetable consumption. The study recommended that policymakers, government, and NGOs should be focused on the significant socioeconomic factors to encourage fruit and vegetable consumption among pregnant women.
Achikanu, C.E., Eze-Steven, P.E., Ude, C.M., & Ugwuokolie, O.C. (2013). Determination of the vitamin and mineral composition of common leafy vegetables in south eastern Nigeria. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 2(11): 347-353.
Amo-Adje, J., & Kumi-Kyereme, A. (2015). Fruit and vegetable consumption by ecological zone and socioeconomic status in Ghana. J. Biosoc. Sci, 47: 613-631.
Cameron, A.C., & Trivedi, P.K. (2005). Microeconometrics, Methods and Applications. New York: Cambridge University Press, p. 345.
Conyon, M.J., & He, L. (2017). Firm performance and boardroom gender diversity: A quantile regression approach. Journal of Business Research, 79: 198-211.
Cruyff, M.J.L.F., & van der Heijden, P.G.M. (2008). Point and Interval Estimation of the Population Size Using a Zero-Truncated Negative Binomial Regression Model. Biometrical Journal, 50(6): 1035-1050. doi: 10.1002/bimj.200810455.
Ghose, B., & Yaya, S. (2018). Fruit and vegetable consumption and anemia among adult non-pregnant women: Ghana demographic and health survey. PeerJ, 6: e4414.
Goryakin, Y., Rocco, L., Suhrcke, M., Roberts, B., & McKee, M. (2015). Fruit and vegetable consumption in the former Soviet Union: the role of individualand community-level factors. Public Health Nutrition, p. 1. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015000105.
Hillesund, E.R., Øverby, N.C., Engel, S.M., Klunsᴓyr, K., Harmon, Q.E., Haugen, M., & Bere, E. (2014). Associations of adherence to the New Nordic Diet with the risk of preeclampsia and reterm delivery in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). European journal of epidemiology, 29(10): 753-765.
Koenker, R., & Hallock, K.F. (2001). Quantile regression. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15(4): 143-156.
Koletzkoa, B.K.M. Godfrey-Postonc, L.H., Johannes, S.B., Marita de, G., Brigitte, W, Rosalie, B.M., Andrea, G.R., Jodie, D.M., Patro-Golabd, D.B., & Zalewskid, B.M. (2019). Nutrition During Pregnancy, Lactation and Early Childhood and its Implications for Maternal and Long-Term Child Health: The Early Nutrition Project Recommendations. Ann Nutr Metab, 74: 93-106.
Kuche, D. (2014). Factors associated with dietary practices and nutritional status among pregnant women in Wondo Genet district. -- Retrieved June 20, 2017 from www.ephi.gov.et/images/mcn/Factors%20associated%20with%20Dietary%20Practices%20and%20Nutritional.pdf.
Laverde-Rojas, H., Lis-Gutierrez, J., & Moros, A. (2017). Determinants of vegetable and fruit consumption in Colombia. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12(11): 2842-2845.
Lee, A. (2016). Affordability of fruits and vegetables and dietary quality worldwide. The Lancet Global Health, 4(10): e664-e665. doi: 10.1016/s2214-109x(16)30206-6.
Lee, S.E., Talegawkar, S.A., Merialdi, M., & Caulfield, L.E. (2012). Dietary intakes of women during pregnancy in low- and middle-income countries. Public Health Nutrition, 16(8): 1340-1353. doi: 10.1017/S1368980012004417.
Loy, S., Marhazlina, M., Nor Azwany, Y., & Hamid Jan, J.M. (2011). Higher intake of fruits and vegetables in pregnancy is associated with birth size. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, 42(5), September.
Marrocu, E., Paci., R., & Zara, A. (2015). Micro-economic determinants of tourist expenditure: A quantile regression approach. Tourism Management, 50: 13-30.
Maziya-Dixon, B., Akinyele, I.O., Sanusi, R.A., Oguntona, T.E., Nokoe, S.K., & Harris, E.W. (2006). Vitamin A deficiency is prevalent in children less than 5 years of age in Nigeria. J. Nutr., 136: 2255- 2261.
Moon, W., Florkowski, W.J., Beuchat, L.R., Paraskova, P., Resurreccion, A.V.A., Chinnan, M.S., & Jordanov, J. (2001). Hurdle count-data models of meat consumption in Bulgaria. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 28(1): 37-56.
Murphy, M.M., Barraj, L.M., Herman, Bi, X., Cheatham, R., & Randolph, K. (2012). Phytonutrient Intake by Adults in the United States in Relation to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. Journal of the Academy of nutrition and dietetics, 112(2): 222-229. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2011.08.044.
Murphy, M.M., Stettler, N., Smith, K.M., & Reiss, R. (2014). Associations of consumption of fruits and vegetables during pregnancy with infant birth weight or small for gestational age births: a systematic review of the literature. International Journal of Women’s Health, 6: 899-912. doi: 10.2147/IJWH.S67130.
Musaiger, A.O. (1993). Socio-Cultural and Economic Factors Affecting Food Consumption Patterns in the Arab Countries, Journal of the Royal Society of Health. The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 113: 68-74. doi: 10.1177/146642409311300205.
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) (2018). Report on the nutrition and health situation of Nigeria, in Report, Abuja Nigeria.
National Nutrition and Health Survey (NNHS) (2015). “Women nutrition”, The Nutrition and Health Situation in Nigeria November, p. 18.
National Population Commission (NPC) (2010). “Population distribution by sex, state, L.G.A and senatorial district for 2006”, Nigeria, Priority Table, 3, 1-60.
Nogueira, L.R., Fontanelli, M.D.M., Aguiar, B.S.D., Failla, M.A., Florindo, A.A., Barrozo, L.V., & Fisberg, R.M. (2018). Access to Street Markets and Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables by Adolescents Living in São Paulo, Brazil. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(3): 517.
Okubo, H., Crozier, S.R., Harvey, N.C., Godfrey, K.M., Inskip, H.M., & Cooper C. (2014). Maternal dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in early pregnancy are associated with offspring adiposity in childhood: the Southampton women’s survey. Am J Clin Nutr, 100: 676-683.
Onyeji, G.N., & Sanusi, R.A. (2017). Diet quality of women of childbearing age in South-east Nigeria, Nutrition & Food Science, 48(2): 348-364. doi: 10.1108/NFS-06-2017-0134.
Organic Facts (2018). Benefits of Vegetables. -- Available from www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/vegetable.
Ozor, N., Ozioko, R., & Acheampong, E. (2015). Rural-Urban Interdependence in Food Systems in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 19(2): 157-183.
Powell, D. (2016). Estimation of quantile treatment effects in the presence of covariates. Rand Corporation.
Raaijmakers, I., Snoek, H., Maziya-Dixon, B., & Achterbosch, T. (2018). Drivers of Vegetable Consumption in Urban Nigeria: Food Choice Motives, Knowledge, and Self-Efficacy. Sustainability, 10, 4771: 1-14, doi: 10.3390/su10124771.
Riediger, N.D., Shooshtari, S., & Moghadasian, M.H. (2007). The Influence of Sociodemographic Factors on Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Canadian Adolescents. Journal of the American dietetic association, 107(9): 1511-1518.
Ruel, M.T., Minot, N., & Smith, L. (2004). Pattern and determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in sub-sahara Africa: a muiltcountry comparism, international food policy resaerch institute, Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on fruit and vegetable for health 1-3 Sept, Kobe, Japan.
Saha, S., Dawsonb, J., Murimib, J.M., Dodd, S. & Oldewage-Theronb, W. (2020). Effects of a nutrition education intervention on fruit and vegetable consumptionrelated dietary behavioural factors among elementary school children. Health Education Journal, 79(8): 963-973.
Shole, R.N. (2015). An Impact of Socio-Cultural Practices on Maternal Mortality in Masasi District, Tanzania. Malaysian. Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 2(3): 45-78.
Solomon, M., Russell-Bennett, R., & Previte, J. (2012). Consumer behaviour. Pearson Higher Education AU.
Stancu, V., Haugaard, P., & Lähteenmäki, L. (2016). Determinants of consumer food waste behaviour: Two routes to food waste. Appetite, 96: 7-17.
Švecová, J., & Odehnalová, P. (2019). The determinants of consumer behaviour of students from Brno when purchasing organic food. Review of Economic Perspectives, 19(1): 49-64.
Terin, M., Birinci, A., Bilgic, A., & Faruk Urak, F. (2019) Determinants of Fresh and Frozen Fruit and Vegetable Expenditures in Turkish Households: A Bivariate Tobit Model Approach. Journal of Food Products Marketing, 25(2): 137-158. doi: 10.1080/10454446.2018.1500327.
Toemen, L., de Jonge, L.L., Gishti, O., van Osch- Gevers, L., Taal, H.R., & Steegers, E.A. (2016). Longitudinal growth during fetal life and infancy and cardiovascular outcomes at school-age. J Hypertens, 34: 1396-1406.
Ugwa, E. (2016). Nutritional practices and taboos among pregnant women attending antenatal care at general hospital in Kano, Northwest Nigeria. Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 6(2): 109-114.
Valmórbida, J.L., & Vitolo, M.R. (2014). Factors associated with low consumption of fruits and vegetables by preschoolers of low socioeconomic level. Journal de pediatria, 90(5): 464-471.
Verbeke, W., & Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2007). Dietary behaviour of pregnant versus nonpregnant women. Appetite, 48: 78-86.
Williams, I.O., Parker, R.S., & Swanson, J. (2009). Vitamin A Content of Southeastern Nigerian Vegetable Dishes, Their Consumption Pattern and Contribution to Vitamin A Requirement of Pregnant Women in Calabar Urban, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8(7): 1000-1004.
World Health Organization (2003). Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Geneva, Switzerland.
Zamanian, M., Pak Seresht, M.R., Holakoei Naeini, K., Eshrati, B., & Rahimi Foroushani, A.M. Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among People in the Age Range of 18-70 Years in Arak, Iran. Sjsph, 11(1): 85-98.