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SEZIONE GENERALE - Studi e ricerche

N. 47 (2020)

Le nuove tecnologie e la psicoterapia: approfondimento del trattamento del disturbo d’ansia sociale

Inviata
5 February 2021
Pubblicato
05-02-2021

Abstract

Il disturbo d’ansia sociale (DAS) è uno dei disturbi psicologici più comuni e disabilitanti che, se non trattato, tende a cronicizzarsi provocando danni signifi cativi alla qualità di vita di una persona nonché a comportare ingenti costi sociali.
Nonostante l’elevata prevalenza del disturbo, solo il 10% delle persone infatti riceve farmacoterapia e psicoterapia da personale qualifi cato. Esistono infatti diverse barriere per l’accesso al trattamento tra cui la paura della stigmatizzazione e del giudizio negativo e l’aspettativa che altri possano giudicare imbarazzante il proprio comportamento o i propri sintomi fi sici. La natura stessa del disturbo è una delle ragioni principali che impedisce alle persone di chiedere una consulenza professionale. Gli interventi basati sulle nuove tecnologie di comunicazione, che recentemente si stanno facendo strada nel mondo della salute mentale, hanno il vantaggio di poter ovviare a diverse di queste barriere. Infatti, sono stati identificati diversi strumenti che utilizzano le tecnologie informatiche e di telecomunicazione per migliorare
attività di prevenzione, diagnosi e terapia.
Negli ultimi anni diversi studi ne hanno dimostrato l’effi cacia su una varietà di disturbi tra cui il disturbo d’ansia sociale.
Scopo del presente articolo è quello di fornire una revisione narrativa delle risorse presenti ad oggi nel campo delle nuove tecnologie utilizzabili e sfruttabili nel campo della salute mentale e in particolare nel disturbo d’ansia sociale.

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