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SEZIONE GENERALE - Studi e ricerche

N. 47 (2020)

Le terapie on-line: opportunità o ripiego?

Inviata
5 February 2021
Pubblicato
05-02-2021

Abstract

La crisi mondiale della pandemia per coronavirus (Covid-19) ha colpito la nostra vita. Nel 2020 la popolazione ha affrontato repentini cambiamenti cognitivi-emotivi e relazionali, questa condizione ha implementato l’utilizzo di comunicazioni on-line. In USA i Centers for Disease Control and Prevention hanno dichiarato che la pandemia ha aumentato i livelli di stress degli individui. Altri studi hanno confermato che i sintomi ansioso depressivi sono reazioni psicologiche comuni alla pandemia Covid-19.
Il mondo della psicoterapia come sta reagendo all’impatto della pandemia? L’utilizzo della tecnologia è da tempo presente in ambito clinico anche se molti professionisti sono incerti e impreparati. Fino a poco tempo fa la terapia on-line è stata considerata sacrilega da molti. Per i terapeuti cognitivo-comportamentali (CBT) il passaggio alla terapia on-line è stato più semplice perché i professionisti si sono mostrati più flessibili nell’adattare le loro tecniche a Internet. Ma quanto i trattamenti on-line sono efficaci? Quali sono gli aspetti fondamentali?
In questo articolo vogliamo descrivere le prove empiriche a supporto dell’efficacia della CBT on-line, includendo aspetti favorevoli e contrari, in contesti e popolazioni differenti, senza trascurare i limiti e le possibili criticità, al fine di riflettere sui due trattamenti e confrontarli. I risultati complessivi evidenziano poche differenze tra i due metodi. Sono molti gli studi sulla terapia cognitivo-comportamentale via Internet (iCBT), ma con risultati ancora poco esaustivi, in particolare per quanto riguarda gli esiti di condizioni psichiatriche e somatiche, pertanto, sono necessarie ulteriori ricerche per stabilire l’equivalenza dei due formati di trattamento.

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